THE STATE SYMBOLS OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
NATIONAL EMBLEM OF KAZAKHSTAN
The Emblem is one of the main symbols of the state. The Russian term “gerb” for Emblem comes from the German word “Erbe” (legacy) and means hereditary distinctive sign that represents a combination of figures and objects to which a symbolic sense reflecting cultural and historical traditions of the state is given.
The history is an evidence of the fact that the nomads of the Bronze Age that inhabited the territory of modern Kazakhstan identified themselves with a special symbol which is called totem. Its graphical expression further got the name “tamga”. This term has been for the first time used in the Turkic Khaganate.
The Emblem of the sovereign Kazakhstan was officially adopted in 1992. The authors of the State Emblem are Kazakhstan’s famous architects Zhandarbek Malibekov and Shot-Aman Ualikhanov.
The State Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan has the shape of a circle (wheel). It is a symbol of life and eternity that was especially valued among the nomads of the Great Steppes.
The central heraldic element of the State Emblem is the image of shanyrak (an arched cross-shaped top of the Kazakh yurt) against a sky blue background which irradiates uyks (supports or bearings of the yurt) in the form of sunrays to all sides. On both right and left of shanyrak there are images of mythical winged quarter horses. At the top of Emblem there is a volumetric five-pointed star. There is also the inscription “Kazakhstan” at the bottom of the Emblem. The images of shanyrak, uyks, and mythical horses, as well as the inscriptions “Kazakhstan”, have the colour of gold.
Shanyrak is a main backbone part of the yurt that resembles a blue sky. It is also one of the key elements of Kazakh family dwelling in the traditional culture of Eurasian nomads. The image of shanyrak on the State Emblem of the republic is a symbol of common home and common homeland of all people living in Kazakhstan. The stable development of Kazakhstan depends on welfare of each citizen just like the strength and stability of shanyrak depends on reliability of all its uyks.
The winged mythical horses, tulpars, are the key heraldic element of the State Emblem. The image of the horse stands for such notions as bravery since time immemorial. The wings symbolize a centuries-old dream of multinational people of Kazakhstan to build a strong and prosperous nation. They represent pure thoughts and aspiration to successive and constructive development. The golden wings of racers also resemble golden sheaves of grain that are a sign of labor of the people of Kazakhstan and material welfare of the country.
In centuries past the horns are often used during ceremonial rites of nomads as well as a finial to their fighting banners. The images of heavenly grace, fertility of the earth and the military fortune in the form of various animals’ horns are always considered as integral parts in symbolic compositions of different peoples. Therefore, a winged horse with a horn of plenty is an important typological image which has deep semantic and historical roots.
Another element on the coat of arms is a five-pointed star. This symbol is used by man from ancient times and represents constant aspiration of people to the light of truth and the pursuit of the sublime and eternal matter. The image of a star on the State Emblem reflects the dream of people to build a state open to all countries of the world for cooperation and partnership. Hearts and arms of the people of Kazakhstan are open to representatives from all five continents.
The primary colour of the State Emblem is the colour of gold, which serves as a symbol of wealth, justice and magnanimity. The colour of blue sky symbolizes a serene sky, peace and prosperity.
National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan-Флаг Республики Казахстан
National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a piece of right-angled cloth of sky-blue colour with a picture of a golden sun with its 32 rays in the centre, under them – a soaring steppe eagle. Flagstaff has vertical line with national ornament.The picture of sun, its rays, eagle and ornament are of golden colour. Width/length ratio of the flag is 1:2
National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a rectangular piece of cloth of sky-blue colour bearing (in its centre) a design of the sun with rays, with a soaring eagle underneath. All along the flagstaff there runs a vertical band of national ornament. Images of the sun, its rays, the eagle and the ornament are of golden colour. Width/length ratio of the flag is 1: 2. National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan and its design, whatever their size, must strictly conform with the colour and schematic designs of the reference standard of the National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan kept at the Residence of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be raised or hoisted on the following:
1) on the building of the Residence of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on that of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on those of ministries, state committees and such other central executive bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, state bodies directly subordinated and accountable to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Supreme Court and other courts of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on that of the General Procurator’s Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan, National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, maslikhates, local executive bodies as well as on buildings of diplomatic and trade representations, consular establishments of the Republic of Kazakhstan – on a permanent basis
2) in the study of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in the halls meant for holding sessions (both joint and separate) of the Senate and Majilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, those of the Bureau of Chambers of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, sessions of the maslikhates of the Republic of Kazakhstan as well in the assembly hall of the Constitutional Council, in the halls of court sessions of the Supreme Court, of its boards and other courts of the Republic of Kazakhstan as well as in the premises of gala registration of births and wedlocks – on a permanent basis;
3) on the building or inside the premises meant to hold international forums with the participation of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, of chairpersons of Chambers of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan, of the Prime-Minister of the Republic or their plenipotentiary representatives if it is stipulated by the standards of international law or by international treaties concluded by the Republic of Kazakhstan;
4) on sea-going vessels, on those of inland navigation and other vehicles, on which the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan or Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan are present;
5) as a stern flag on vessels registered in the established order
6) on warships and vessels of the Republic of Kazakhstan – according to military regulations;
7) in military formations and units of Armed Forces, in those of Republican Guards of the Republic of Kazakhstan – when taking the oath;
8) on buildings of state bodies and entities – on the days of some national holiday of the Republic of Kazakhstan and on red-letter days. Legal standard acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan may also stipulate other cases of obligatory raising or hoisting of the National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan. National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan may be hoisted (raised) on other buildings (resp.in premises) at the wish of owners thereof.
In case of eventual national mourning the National Flag of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall be lovered to half-mast for the timeframe of the national mourning.
NATIONAL ANTHEM OF KAZAKHSTAN
The Anthem is one of the main symbols of the state. The Russian term “gimn” for Anthem comes from the Greek word “Gimneo” and means solemn, ceremonial song. The Anthem serves as an important sound symbol with a key value for the effective socio-political consolidation and ethnocultural identification of citizens of the country.
In the history of sovereign Kazakhstan the national anthem was adopted two times: in 1992 and 2006.
After gaining independence in 1992, a competition was announced to writing of music and lyrics of the national Anthem. Following the results of the competition, it was decided to retain the melody of the previous anthem, the anthem of the Kazakh SSR. Therefore, Mukan Tulebayev, Yevgeny Brusilovsky and Latif Khamidi have become the authors of the first anthem. The creative team presented by Kazakhstan’s famous poets Muzaphar Alimbayev, Kadyr Myrzaliyev, Tumanbai Moldagaliyev and a young poetess Zhadyra Daribayeva won the poetic contest.
The new State Anthem was adopted in 2006 in order to promote the country’s sound symbolism. It is based on the patriotic song “Menyn Kazakhstanym” (My Kazakhstan) which is popular among the people and written in 1956, with music by Shamshi Kaldayakov and lyrics by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev modified the original lyrics of the song. The corresponding amendments have been introduced to the Decree “On State Symbols” at the joint session of the Houses of Parliament on January 6, 2006 and the Parliament approved it as a new State Anthem of Kazakhstan.
Music by Shamshi Kaldayakov
Lyrics by Zhumeken Nazhimedenov and Nursultan Nazarbayev
Sky of golden sun,
Steppe of golden seed,
Legend of courage –
Take a look at my country!
From the antiquity
Our heroic glory emerged,
They did not give up their pride
My Kazakh people are strong!
My country, my country,
As your flower I will be planted,
As your song I will stream, my country!
My native land – My Kazakhstan!
The way was opened to the posterity
I have a vast land.
Its unity is proper,
I have an independent country.
It welcomed the time
Like an eternal friend,
Our country is happy,
Such is our country.